Types of Electric Vehicles (EV)
BEV, PHEV, what does it all mean?
- BEV or EV (Battery Electric Vehicle) all-electric vehicle that operate on 100 percent battery; charged by plugging into grid
- PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric) uses energy from plugging into grid; contains combustion engine that kicks in when battery power runs out.
- Learn more at afdc.energy.gov
An electric vehicle sounds smart, but you're probably wondering, "What do they have to offer?"
- Fuel economy: PHEVs and EVs can reduce fuel costs dramatically because of high efficiency of electric motors
- Reduced maintenance costs: no oil changes, no air/fuel filters, no exhaust system, no muffler or catalytic converter
- Performance: high torque, immediate power, quiet and smooth ride
- Charge anywhere: plug and recharge your vehicle at home or at a charging station (work, store, highways)
- Clean: no tailpipe emissions
- Learn more here.
Federal and state incentives make owning an EV more of a reality.
The federal government offers up to $7,500 in income tax credits.
Louisiana residents can receive a tax credit of 7.2 percent of the vehicle cost of up to $1,500.
Cost Comparison - EV vs. a combustion engine
| What is the cost comparison for an electric |
vehicle vs. a traditional combustion engine vehicle?
| Assuming the average person drives 43 miles each day in Louisiana, the national |
average cost of electricity at $0.12 kilowatt-hour and gasoline at $2 per gallon.
| The daily cost to refuel a |
gas-powered vehicle that
gets 30 miles per gallon
| The daily cost |
to recharge an
| In fact, for the cost benefit of electric cars to fall below the traditional gas-powered |
vehicle, gas prices would need to drop to $0.99 per gallon and electricity prices
would need to almost double to $0.22 per kilowatt-hour.
Plug-in Hybrid & EV models to choose from
|PLUG-IN HYBRIDS||uses energy from plugging into grid; contains combustion engine that kicks in when battery power runs out.|
|Audi||A3 Sportback e-tron|
|BMW||330e, 530e, 740e xDrive, i3Rex, X5 xDrive40e, i8|
|Ford||C-Max Energi SE, Fusion Energi SE|
|Mercedes||C350e, GLC350e, GLE550e, S550e|
|Porsche||Cayenne S E-Hybrid, Panamera 4 E-Hybrid|
|Volvo||XC90 T8, S90 T8|
|ELECTRIC||an all electric vehicle that operates on 100 percent battery.|
|smart||fortwo electric drive|
|Tesla||Model S, 3, X|
This list is not intended to be exhaustive and may not reflect recent changes.
Charging systems for the EV battery
So now you have your electric vehicle, how do you give it life?
There are three different levels of charging systems: Level 1, Level 2 and DC Fast Charging (Level 3). Each level provides a different level of charging power for your electric vehicle. To learn more, click here,
|Level 1||Level 2||DC Fast Charging|
|120 volts-standard household outlet||240 volts-standard system for household dryer||400-600 volts|
|Uses power cord provided with the electric vehicle||Requires installation by an electrician||Delivers DC energy by bypassing on-board charger|
|Slow charge: 8-14 hours for full charge||Fast charge: 4-8 hours for full charge||Fully charged in about 30 minutes|
Finding an EV charging system
Charge your electric vehicle, but where?
Electric vehicles must have a charging station to recharge its battery pack. Many companies offer public-charging stations, either free or for a low-rate charge, to employees or customers. Needing to charge away from home? Look no further than a downloadable mobile map application! Two mobile options are: